The Republic of Macedonia (not to be confused with the Greek region named Macedonia) has a long history of wine production. The oldest estimates put wine production as far back as 1,000 BCE. Despite that history, the country’s viticultural tradition starts with the disintegration of the Balkan communist state. This allowed the winemaking focus to shift from quantity to quality. For this reason, many wine writers and critics have been excited to watch the evolution of Macedonian wine. Within Macedonia, the most important wine producing area is Tikveš which is known for production of high-quality Prokupac and Vranec.